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09-03-2021 08:41

PLANTING GUIDE HYBRID BITTER GOURD F1 – TLP 911

                                           (GOLDEN COIN SEEDS)

I/ Features:

 - Strong plant, many productive branches.

 - Harvesting: 41 - 43 days after sowing.

 - Fruit size: 13 - 14 cm length, 4.9 - 5.3 cm diameter.

 - Fruit characteristics: glossy and bright green skin, big and straight ribs, firm fruit, few cracked fruits in rainy season.

 - Yield: 4.8 - 6 kg/plant.

II/ Sowing density:

Distance

Double row per bed

Single row per bed

Bed distance

3.6 m

2.4 m

Plant distance

0.5 – 0.6 m

0.5 – 0.6 m

Density

930 – 1100 plant/1000m2

690 – 830 plant/1000m2

III/ Soaking and incubation seeds:

* Prepare warm water 50 – 52oC:

Mixing 40% boiling water (95 – 100oC) with 60% fresh water (25 – 30oC) got from drilled well or water faucet.

* Soaking seeds:

Soak the seeds in warm water as prepared in 6 – 8 hours.

* Incubation seeds:

Get the towel or T – shirt (or fabrics can be moisturizing), washed, squeezed just enough moisture (about 80 – 85%).

Get the seeds as soaked spread thin on the towels, then put these towels in dark, warm place (around  28 – 30oC).

* Sowing seeds:

After 36 – 40 hours, the seeds will germinate, please sow these seeds in the nursery. Sow the germinated seeds to pots have enviroment including: 2 parts of muck + 1 part of soil. After sowing seeds get filled environment and sufficient moisture for irrigation.

Wash the seeds have not germinated and towels then incubated again, about 12 hours later, the seeds will germinate, continue sowing.

IV/ Planting and maintenance:

1. Fertilizers (for 1.000 m2):

Fertilizer application for cultivation depends on geographic conditions, however, we recommend applying the following guides are applied very effectively to many growing areas for you refer and apply.

* Quantity:

Muck:       4 m3

Super phosphate:     50 kg

Urea:      24 kg

Lime:      50 kg

NPK 16-16-8:            50 kg

DAP:        5 kg

KCl:        26 kg

 

 

* Application:

Times

Stages

Quantity

Basal

At tillage

4 m3 muck + 50 kg Super phosphate + 20 kg NPK +  12,5 kg KCl

Side dressing

10, 20 days after sowing

3 kg Urea + 3 kg NPK + 2,5 kg DAP

30, 40, 50 days after sowing

4 kg Urea + 3 kg NPK + 3 kg KCl

60, 70, 80 days after sowing

2 kg Urea + 5 kg NPK + 1,5 kg KCl

* Notes:

  • Should be applied lime at tillage to increase fertilizer efficiency.

  • Should be applied fertilizer far enough from the plant foot, deep enough (6 – 7 cm) to increase fertilizer efficiency.

  • Should be weeding combined with fertilizing times to increase fertilizer efficiency.

2. Cut the tops: To abundant havest, should be cut these tops when there are 6 – 7 leaves on the seedling.

3. Vine Training: when the plants have branches, should guide them upwards to the trellis like herringbone shape to save space and to facilitate the plants protection, as well as set more fruit.

V/ Plant protection:

* Yellow leaf curl:

Diseases transmitted by sucking insects, harmful in the dry season. Disease makes leaves become yellow but nerve still green, small leaves curly, hard stem, diseases spread quickly.

Preventing and treating by remove and bury the infected plants, spray the lower side of the leaves with the following chemicals: Methidathion, Methomyl 40%, Dinotefuran (min 89%), …

* Powdery mildew:

It usually occurs when there is high moisture and a temperature of about 22 – 27°C, is harmful in the highlands, the weather is more fog, special  in winter-spring crop.

Preventing and treating by trimming leaves lowest and invalid branches, rotating spray with the following chemicals to two side of the leaves: Imipemconazole (min 98,3%), Chlorothelonil (min 98%), Mancozeb (min 98%), Ethabosan (min 99,6%), Coper Oxychloride 50% + Metalaxyl 8%,…

* Leaf spot disease:

Is hamful all year round, damaging in the rain season.

Preventing and treating by trimming leaves lowest and invalid branches, rotating spray with the following chemicals to two side of the leaves: Mancozeb (min 85%), Coper Oxychloride 50% + Metalaxyl 8%, Fosetyl-aluminium (min 95%),…

* Borer group:

Is harmful in vegetative period.

Preventing and treating by rotating spray in late afternoon with the following chemicals: Emamectin Benzoate (Avermectin B1a 90% + Avermectin B1b 10%), Lufenuron (min 96%), Flubendiamize (min 95%), Chlorantraniliprol,….

* Suck group:

Thrips, hoppers, aphids,... suck resin and transmitting Viral disease.

Preventing and treating by rotating spray with the following chemicals to the lower side of the leaves and on top of the plants: Chlorpyrifos Methyl (min 96%), Dinotefuran (min 89%), Clothianidin,

 

We wish you the best harvest with seeds of Golden Coin!

 
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COPYRIGHT © 2014 TAN LOC PHAT SEEDS COMPANY LIMITED

 Address: 23-25, Street No. 20, Binh Hung Hoa Ward, Binh Tan Dist, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

     Tel: (+84) 28 3765 9166            Fax: (+84) 28 3765 9169             Tax code: 0305 905 123

 www.tanlocphatseeds.com      Email: info@tanlocphatseeds.com        www.dongtienvang.com

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